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ABC (Animal Birth Control Program)
The Animal Birth Control (ABC) Program is a community benefit project adopted by SPCA Nepal since 2001 to control the population of stray dogs in Nepal. Rising incident of humans being bitten by stray dogs with rabies had initially prompted the municipalities in the valley to intensify efforts to kill stray dogs by means of poisoning. This was a very ruthless method and caused a lot of suffering to the animal. Using drugs like Strychynine which causes muscular convulsions and eventually death through asphyxia or sheer exhaustion did not prove fertile in controlling the population of street dogs. In fact the method brought horrific deaths to the street dogs.

The method of poisoning did not also prove to be scientific and efficient. As the dogs were removed off the streets, new dogs quickly occupied the biological niche vacated by the previous dogs. Simultaneously the survival rate of the pups increased as there was no competition for food. The dogs also increased their movement which in return assisted the spread of rabies. 

According to World Health Organization (WHO), most of the   55000 deaths from rabies reported annually around the world occur in Asia and Africa, and most of the victims are children: 30–50% of the reported cases of rabies—and therefore deaths—occur in children under 15 years of age.

In order to create friendly, rabies free, non-breeding, healthy dog population in the valley, SPCA Nepal according to WHO guidelines has been vaccinating and sterilizing street dogs. The dogs are caught, vaccinated, sterilized and after recovery given for adoption or returned to their own community in the streets. To identify the street dogs which have passed through SPCA Nepal ABC Program, a small notch is created in the ear.

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